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Can You Keep Capybaras as Pets in the UK?

by Baby Capybara

Have you ever wondered if it’s possible to have a capybara as a pet in the UK? Well, you’re not alone! Many animal lovers have been captivated by the charming appearance and gentle nature of these giant rodents. In this article, we’ll explore whether it’s legal and practical to keep capybaras as pets in the UK, shedding light on the potential joys and challenges of sharing your home with these fascinating creatures. So, get ready to embark on a delightful quest for knowledge as we uncover the truth about capybaras as pets!

Capybaras as Pets in the UK

Capybaras, with their unique appearance and charming nature, have gained popularity as exotic pets in recent years. These large rodents native to South America have captured the hearts of animal enthusiasts, and many people in the UK are wondering if they can bring these adorable creatures into their homes. In this comprehensive article, we will explore the laws and regulations surrounding capybara ownership, their suitability as pets, living requirements, social needs, feeding and diet, healthcare and veterinary needs, legal sources to obtain capybaras, ownership tips, and the thriving capybara community in the UK.

Can You Keep Capybaras as Pets in the UK?

Laws and Regulations

Before considering capybaras as pets, it is crucial to understand the laws and regulations pertaining to their ownership. Owning any exotic animal comes with responsibilities and legal obligations to ensure the welfare and safety of both the animal and the general public.

Exotic License

In the UK, capybaras fall under the category of exotic pets. Therefore, acquiring an exotic license is a requirement for keeping capybaras legally. This license demonstrates that you are able to provide proper care for the capybara and have the necessary knowledge to ensure its well-being.

Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981

The Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 is another legal aspect that must be considered when seeking to own a capybara. The Act protects certain species from being taken from the wild or released into the wild. It is crucial to ensure that the capybara you obtain is legally sourced and not illegally captured from its natural habitat.

Dangerous Wild Animals Act 1976

The Dangerous Wild Animals Act 1976 is yet another legislation that governs the ownership of exotic animals, including capybaras. This act requires individuals who wish to keep a capybara to obtain a license from their local authority. This license ensures that the owner has met specific criteria and adheres to regulations related to the safety and well-being of both the animal and the public.

APPHA License

Additionally, it is essential to understand whether your local authority requires you to obtain an Animal Boarding Establishment License, Protected Species License, or other permits specific to your geographical area. Checking with your local council or the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) will provide valuable information on the legal requirements for capybara ownership in your region.

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Suitability as Pets

In determining the suitability of capybaras as pets, it is essential to consider their characteristics, temperament, size, space requirements, and their compatibility with children and other pets.

Capybara Characteristics

Capybaras are unique creatures known for their large size and semi-aquatic nature. Adult capybaras can weigh between 77 and 150 pounds, and their height at the shoulder can reach up to 2 feet. Their appearance resembles a cross between a pig and a guinea pig, with round bodies, short legs, and a long snout.

Capybaras’ Temperament

Despite their size, capybaras are generally gentle and friendly animals. They are highly social and enjoy the company of other capybaras, as well as humans. However, it is crucial to remember that individual temperament may vary, and each capybara should be evaluated on its own personality before being brought into a domestic setting.

Capybaras’ Size and Space Requirements

Due to their large size, capybaras require ample space to thrive in a domestic environment. Ideally, a capybara should have access to both indoor and outdoor areas. A spacious outdoor enclosure, with secure fencing and adequate vegetation, allows capybaras to roam and engage in natural behaviors. Additionally, a dedicated indoor area should be provided to protect them from inclement weather and provide a safe space for relaxation and sleep.

Interaction with Children and Other Pets

Capybaras can coexist harmoniously with children and other pets when introduced and managed properly. However, caution should be exercised, especially with younger capybaras or in households with small animals. Supervision is necessary to ensure the safety and well-being of all parties involved. Educating children on how to interact respectfully and gently with the capybara is crucial to prevent any mishaps.

Can You Keep Capybaras as Pets in the UK?

Living Requirements

Creating an appropriate living environment for capybaras is essential to their overall well-being and happiness. Proper consideration should be given to indoor and outdoor space, climate, enclosure design, access to water, and enrichment.

Indoor and Outdoor Space

Capybaras require both indoor and outdoor spaces to meet their physical and psychological needs. The indoor area should provide adequate space for resting, eating, and opportunities to retreat to privacy. Outdoor enclosures must be spacious enough to promote natural behaviors such as grazing, exploring, and socializing.

Climate Considerations

Capybaras are naturally adapted to warm climates, and it is crucial to ensure they have suitable shelter and provisions to keep them comfortable in the UK’s cooler climate. Providing heated shelters during colder months and access to shade during warmer seasons is essential to help capybaras regulate their body temperature.

Enclosure Design and Security

Capybaras are excellent swimmers and enjoy spending time in the water. Therefore, their outdoor enclosures should contain a shallow, easily accessible pool or pond for them to swim and cool off. Fencing should be secure and escape-proof to prevent any accidental escapes or encounters with potential predators.

Access to Water

Water is a crucial element for capybaras, and providing them with access to clean, fresh water is vital for their overall well-being. In addition to their natural swimming abilities, capybaras also rely on water to regulate their body temperature and maintain their skin health.

Enrichment and Shelter

Capybaras, like all animals, thrive when provided with mental and physical stimulation. Enrichment activities such as toys, puzzles, and hiding spots can help prevent boredom and encourage natural behaviors. Additionally, providing ample shelter options, such as logs, tunnels, and cozy sleeping areas, allows capybaras to feel secure and comfortable in their environment.

Social Needs

As highly social animals, capybaras have specific social needs that must be met to ensure their well-being and contentment. Understanding their social structure, group dynamics, and the importance of human interaction is crucial when considering capybara ownership.

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Capybaras’ Social Structure

Capybaras are highly social animals and naturally form complex social structures in the wild. They live in groups known as herds, which can consist of anywhere from 10 to 40 individuals, led by a dominant male. In captivity, efforts should be made to mimic this social structure to promote the capybaras’ well-being.

Living in Groups vs. Solitary Capybaras

Due to their social nature, capybaras thrive when living in groups rather than as solitary individuals. Therefore, if feasible, it is recommended to consider owning multiple capybaras to ensure their social needs are met. However, if owning only one capybara, providing ample socialization opportunities and human interaction is crucial to prevent loneliness and stimulate their natural behaviors.

Consideration for Multiple Capybaras

When considering multiple capybaras, it is essential to evaluate the dynamics and compatibility of the individuals. Introducing capybaras gradually, allowing them to become familiar with each other’s scents and behaviors, can help minimize potential conflicts. It is advisable to consult with experienced capybara owners or experts to ensure a smooth introduction process.

Human Interaction and Bonding

Capybaras are known for their ability to form strong bonds with their human caregivers. Spending quality time with your capybara, engaging in gentle interactions, and establishing trust are crucial for building a positive and meaningful relationship. Regular handling, grooming, and positive reinforcement can strengthen the bond between a capybara and its owner.

Can You Keep Capybaras as Pets in the UK?

Feeding and Diet

Being herbivores, capybaras have specific dietary requirements that must be met to maintain their health and well-being. Providing a balanced diet, with appropriate portions and variety, is essential for their nutritional needs.

Herbivorous Diet

Capybaras have evolved to thrive on a diet consisting primarily of vegetation. Their diet typically includes grasses, reeds, aquatic plants, and certain fruits and vegetables. Providing a varied and balanced diet that mimics their natural dietary preferences is essential for their overall health.

Feeding Frequency and Portions

Capybaras should be provided with food regularly, ensuring access to fresh, clean water at all times. Adult capybaras typically require multiple feedings throughout the day to meet their nutritional needs adequately. However, portion control is necessary to prevent overfeeding and obesity, as capybaras have a tendency to gain weight if their diet is not monitored.

Variety in Diet

Offering a variety of food options is crucial for capybaras to receive a balanced diet. This variety can include different types of grasses, hay, vegetables, and occasional fruits. Introducing new foods gradually and monitoring their reaction and digestive health is important to ensure their dietary requirements are met without causing any digestive issues.

Supplements and Nutritional Requirements

In some cases, capybaras may require additional supplementation to meet their nutritional needs fully. It is recommended to consult with an exotic animal veterinarian to assess whether any specific vitamins or minerals need to be supplemented based on the capybara’s overall health and dietary intake.

Healthcare and Veterinary Needs

Proper healthcare and access to veterinary services are essential for ensuring the well-being and longevity of capybaras. Finding an exotic pet veterinarian, scheduling routine examinations and vaccinations, addressing parasite prevention and treatment, and understanding potential health issues are vital aspects of capybara ownership.

Finding an Exotic Pet Veterinarian

Capybaras require specialized care, and finding a veterinarian familiar with exotic animals is crucial for their health and well-being. Consulting with local breeders, exotic pet communities, or reputable exotic animal organizations can provide valuable recommendations for finding a knowledgeable veterinarian. It is important to establish a relationship with a vet who has experience with capybaras before bringing one into your home.

Routine Examinations and Vaccinations

Routine examinations by an exotic animal veterinarian are essential to monitor the overall health of your capybara. These examinations may include dental checks, weight monitoring, and overall physical assessments. Vaccinations against certain diseases may also be recommended to protect the capybara from potential health risks.

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Parasite Prevention and Treatment

Capybaras are susceptible to various parasites, both internal and external. Preventive measures, such as regular deworming and flea/tick prevention treatments, may be recommended by your veterinarian. Monitoring your capybara closely for any signs of parasites and addressing them promptly is crucial for their overall health.

Potential Health Issues in Capybaras

As with any living creature, capybaras may encounter health issues throughout their lives. Some common health concerns for capybaras include dental problems, obesity, skin conditions, and respiratory issues. Regular veterinary check-ups, a balanced diet, and a clean and enriching environment can help prevent and minimize potential health issues.

Legal Sources to Obtain Capybaras

When considering owning a capybara, it is vital to obtain one from legal and reputable sources. Ethical ownership means supporting responsible breeders, adoption centers, or legal importation methods.

Registered and Reputable Breeders

Registered and reputable breeders who prioritize the welfare and health of their animals should be the primary source when looking for a capybara. These breeders adhere to ethical standards and provide the necessary documentation and support to ensure a smooth transition for the capybara to its new home.

Rescue and Adoption Centers

Rescue and adoption centers may occasionally have capybaras available for adoption. Adopting from a reputable rescue center not only provides a loving home for a capybara in need but also supports the ongoing efforts of these organizations in rescuing and rehabilitating animals.

Importing Capybaras

In some cases, individuals may opt to import a capybara from countries where they are legally available. However, it is crucial to familiarize oneself with the legal regulations surrounding importation to ensure compliance with all relevant laws and to prevent the accidental support of illegal trade or capture from the wild.

Trusted Online Platforms for Capybaras

Trusted online platforms can sometimes connect potential capybara owners with legal and reputable breeders. However, it is essential to exercise caution and conduct thorough research when using online platforms. Verifying the credibility and reputation of the seller/breeder, asking for documentation, and arranging in-person visits to inspect the conditions firsthand are key steps to ensuring a responsible acquisition.

Capybara Ownership Tips

Caring for capybaras requires commitment, education, and a genuine passion for these unique animals. The following tips will help potential owners navigate the responsibilities associated with capybara ownership.

Research and Education

Thorough research and education about capybaras’ care, behavior, and specific needs are essential before bringing one into your home. Understanding their natural behaviors, social structure, and nutritional requirements will enable you to provide the best possible care for your capybara.

Preparing the Environment

Creating an appropriate living environment for a capybara is crucial for their well-being. This includes both indoor and outdoor spaces, secure fencing, access to water, appropriate shelter options, and an enrichment-rich environment.

Finding Capybara-Savvy Veterinary Care

Establishing a relationship with an experienced exotic animal veterinarian is crucial for the health and well-being of your capybara. Regular veterinary check-ups, vaccinations, preventive care, and prompt treatment of any health issues are vital components of responsible capybara ownership.

Building Trust and Bonding with Your Capybara

Capybaras can form strong bonds with their owners through regular positive interactions, handling, grooming, and providing comfort. Building trust takes time and patience, but the efforts will be rewarded with a deep and meaningful connection with your capybara.

Understanding Capybara Behaviors

Learning to understand capybara behaviors, both social and individual, is key to a successful and harmonious relationship. Observing and respecting their body language, communication cues, and unique behaviors will help you anticipate their needs and respond appropriately.

Providing Mental and Physical Stimulation

Capybaras are intelligent animals that require mental and physical stimulation to prevent boredom and encourage natural behaviors. Providing enrichment activities, such as toys, puzzles, and opportunities for socialization, will help keep your capybara engaged, healthy, and content.

The Capybara Community in the UK

The capybara community in the UK is steadily growing, with enthusiasts and dedicated owners sharing their experiences and knowledge. Joining local or online communities allows owners to connect, exchange information, seek advice, and create a supportive network of individuals passionate about capybara care.


While capybaras capture the hearts of many due to their charming nature, it is vital to approach capybara ownership responsibly and with an understanding of their specific needs. Laws and regulations surrounding their ownership, their suitability as pets, living requirements, social needs, feeding and diet, healthcare and veterinary needs, legal sources to obtain capybaras, ownership tips, and the supportive capybara community in the UK all play important roles in ensuring the well-being and happiness of these extraordinary animals. By gathering the necessary knowledge and preparing appropriately, you can provide a loving and enriching home for a capybara, should you decide to bring one into your life.

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